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常見問題

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印尼采風



 
 
印尼概況
About Indonesia
印尼是世界最大的群島國家,由五大島(爪哇、蘇門答臘、加里曼丹、蘇拉威西及巴布亞)及三十個島群組成,
全國共有17,508個大小島嶼,有「千島國」之稱,全國總面積達1,919,443平方公里(為台灣面積之53倍)。
印尼島群分佈於北緯6度、南緯11度,東經95度至141度之間,赤道貫穿全境,東西達5,150公里,南北約1,930公里,位居亞洲大陸及大洋洲間之橋樑,太平洋及印度洋之要衝,在全球戰略上居重要地位。境內天然資源有石油、天然氣、木材、橡膠、棕櫚油、煤、鐵、黃銅與錫等礦產。
印尼幅員廣大,全國分三個時區,即印尼西部時區、中部時區及東部時區。其中部時區與台灣時區同,峇里島即在此一時區內,首都雅加達位於印尼西部時區,時區較台灣晚一小時。
資料來源: 外交部領事事務局

About Indonesia
  Indonesia, is a sovereign transcontinental country located mainly in Southeast Asia with some territories in Oceania. Situated between the Indian and Pacific oceans, it is the world's largest island country, with more than thirteen thousand islands. It has an estimated population of over 260 million people (September 2016) and is the world's fourth most populous country, most populous Austronesian nation, as well as the most populous Muslim-majority country. The world's most populous island of Java contains more than half of the country's population.
For more information, please visit:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Indonesia,
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氣候
Climate

印尼因位於赤道上,屬典型熱帶性氣侯,全年溫熱,4月至10月受澳洲大陸性氣流影響,降雨量少,為氣候燥熱之乾季,11月至隔年3月受亞洲及太平洋氣流影響,午後多有季節性陣雨,降雨量豐沛,為溫濕之雨季。印尼各地氣溫因地形而異,沿海平原為攝氏28-34度,內陸山區為攝氏26-28度,高山區為攝氏23-25度。平均相對濕度介於70%至90%之間。
資料來源: 外交部領事事務局

  The climate of Indonesia is almost entirely tropical. The uniformly warm waters that make up 81% of Indonesia's area ensure that temperatures on land remain fairly constant, with the coastal plains averaging 28 °C, the inland and mountain areas averaging 26 °C, and the higher mountain regions, 23 °C. Temperature varies little from season to season, and Indonesia experiences relatively little change in the length of daylight hours from one season to the next; the difference between the longest day and the shortest day of the year is only forty-eight minutes. This allows crops to be grown all year round
For more information, please visit: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Climate_of_Indonesia
人口
Indonesia population 
印尼全國人口約2億5千5百萬人(2015年);境內主要種族為爪哇族約佔45%,華人約佔5%,約1,200餘萬人;印尼官方語為印尼語,知識份子多諳英語,華人多通華語、閩南語或客家語。

● Indonesia population is equivalent to 3.5% of the total world population.
● Indonesia ranks number 4 in the list of countries by population.
www.worldometers.info/world-popula tion/indonesia-population/
 
宗教信仰
Religion in Indonesia
印尼憲法保障人民有信仰自由,回教並非國教:境內回教徒占全國人口之86.1%,基督徒占5.7%,天主教徒占3.3%,印度教徒占1.8%(峇里島居民多信奉印度教)及佛教徒占1%。
資料來源: 外交部領事事務局

  Indonesia is constitutionally a secular state and the first principle of Indonesia's philosophical foundation, Pancasila, is "belief in the one and only God". A number of different religions are practised in the country, and their collective influence on the country's political, economic and cultural life is significant.The Indonesian Constitution guarantees freedom of religion.However, the government recognises only six official religions (Islam, Protestantism, Catholicism, Hinduism, Buddhism and Confucianism).Although based on data collected by the Indonesian Conference on Religion and Peace (ICRP), there are about 245 non-official religions in Indonesia. Indonesian law requires that every Indonesian citizen hold an identity card that identifies that person with one of these six religions, although citizens may be able to leave that section blank.Indonesia does not recognise agnosticism or atheism, and blasphemy is illegal.In the 2010 Indonesian census, 87.18% of Indonesians identified themselves as Muslim (with Sunnis more than 99%,Shias 0.5%,Ahmadis 0.2%), 6.96% Protestant, 2.91%Catholic, 1.69% Hindu, 0.72% Buddhist, 0.05% Confucianism, 0.13% other, and 0.38% unstated or not asked.
  Indonesia's political leadership has played an important role in the relations between groups, both positively and negatively, promoting mutual respect by affirming Pancasila but also promoting a Transmigration Program, which has caused a number of conflicts in the eastern region of the country.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
 

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